3. Soil fertility and nutrient management is one of the important factors that have a direct impact on crop yield and quality. Talboys, P.; Heppell, J.; Roose, T.; Healey, J.; Jones, D.; Withers, P. Struvite: A slow-release fertiliser for sustainable phosphorus management? Understanding these processes and interactions is essential to optimizing plant nutrient availability and minimizing nutrient losses to the environment. Improved nutrient management requires understanding numerous site-specific interactions between nutrient rate, source, application timing, and placement. These methods include surface mulching, use of minimum tillage for mechanically cultivated land and incorporating appropriate cover and fallow crops in the farming system. Han, Y.; Ma, W.; Zhou, B.; Yang, X.; Salah, A.; Li, C.; Cao, C.; Zhan, M.; Zhao, M. Effects of Straw-Return Method for the Maize–Rice Rotation System on Soil Properties and Crop Yields. You seem to have javascript disabled. Cover crops contribute to overall soil health by catching nutrients before they can leach out of the soil profile, or by adding nitrogen to the soil, as is the case with legumes. 2. van de Wiel, C.C.M. Department of Crop Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA, Department of Crop Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Plymouth, NC 27962, USA. We need to increase adoption of existing techniques and develop new technologies and crop varieties, if we are to achieve the gains in food production needed. Specific importance in the chapter is also given to the role of organic matter in maintaining good soil fertility vis-à-vis ensuring good and healthy soil structure. Managing Cover Crops Profitably, 3rd Edition (SARE) Excellent resource for cover crop basics and how to incorporate them into farming practices. Integrated soil fertility management (67% organic fertilizer + 33% inorganic fertilizer) was found to be most economically viable option to farmers as well as reducing soil … Nutrients applied in excess of crop requirements increase residual nutrient reserves that, if not utilized or recovered in subsequent crops, may result in offsite transport and contribute to degradation of environmental quality [, Using the QUEFTS model (Quantitative Evaluation of the Fertility of Tropical Soils), Xie et al. Balaban, N.; Suleimanova, A.; Valeeva, L.; Chastukhina, I.; Rudakova, N.; Sharipova, M.; Shakirov, E. Microbial phytases and phytate: Exploring opportunities for sustainable phosphorus management in agriculture. By understanding how the soil processes that support plant growth and regulate environmental quality are affected by management practices, it is possible to design a crop and soil management system that improves and maintains soil health over time. Building Soils for Better Crops, 3rd Edition Building Soils for Better Crops is a one-of-a-kind, practical guide to ecological soil management, now expanded and in full color.Download File (6.76 MB) | Online Text Version What is Soil Health […] State the advantages and disadvantages of each method of soil fertility. 36. MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. [, Effective nutrient management requires the quantification of crop nutrient requirements and the nutrient-supplying capacity of the soil through soil testing. Soil management is the foundation of agriculture and essential to sustainable forage and beef production. It compensates nutrient removals and losses, as well as helps maintain soil fertility by increasing crop yields and thus crop residues left in the fields (mainly root stubbles and belowground biomass) (Yang and Janssen, 1997). Lisuma, J.; Mbega, E.; Ndakidemi, P. Influence of Tobacco Plant on Macronutrient Levels in Sandy Soils. INTRODUCTION. Phosphorus use efficiency and management in agriculture. ; Chen, Z.; Maitah, M. Unveiling the Efficiency of Vermicompost Derived from Different Biowastes on Wheat (. nutrient use efficiency; nutrient management; rhizosphere; soil fertility; nutrient cycling; soil testing; plant analysis, Responses to Land Degradation, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Land Degradation and Desertification, Khon Kaen, Thailand, 25 January 1999, Food, Fuel, and Plant Nutrient Use in the Future, Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management: An Introduction to Nutrient Management, Phosphorus: Agriculture and the Environment. Increased crop production largely relics on the type of fertilizers used to supplement essential nutrients for plants. Significant progress in enhancing nutrient-use efficiency in production agriculture requires improved estimates of plant-available nutrients in the root zone, enhanced crop response to applied nutrients, and reduced offsite nutrient transport. Livestock manure is a valuable resource for organic and sustainable soil management. ; Tsujimoto, Y.; Rakotoarisoa, N.M. Optimizing the Phosphorus Concentration and Duration of Seedling Dipping in Soil Slurry for Accelerating the Initial Growth of Transplanted Rice. In. Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) is an approach based on the following principles: Neither practices based solely on mineral fertilizers nor solely on organic matter management are sufficient for sustainable agricultural production. Therefore, soil management has a special place in terms of fertilizer usage efficiency. Karlen et al . Oyeyiola, Y.; Omueti, J. Phosphorus uptake and use efficiency by cowpea in phosphocompost and chemical fertilizer treated nutrient degraded acid soils. Agron. Improving nutrient use efficiency will include enhancing the ability of plants to acquire nutrients... 3. One of the good agricultural practices (GAPs) associated with CA is integrated soil fertility management (ISFM), which essentially depends on locally adapted CA principles and practices to build-up soil health, allowing producers to reduce the use of fertilisers, while sustaining good and stable yields and increasing profitability. Xie, M.; Wang, Z.; Xu, X.; Zheng, X.; Liu, H.; Shi, P. Quantitative Estimation of the Nutrient Uptake Requirements of Peanut. Soil fertility is the capacity of the soil to supply mineral nutrient elements to crop. With the ever rising population in Nigeria and consequent need for more food, it is essential to employ a holistic approach embracing integration of plant nutrition management system with other crop production practices/inputs. This approach enhances sustainable soil fertility management for optimum crop production in the country. Plant nutrients are therefore a vital component of sustainable agriculture. This special issue, Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production, presents 15 manuscripts that advance our knowledge of interrelated soil, plant, and management factors important to increasing the nutrient availability and crop recovery of applied nutrients. Improving phosphorus use efficiency in agriculture: Opportunities for breeding. Sustenance of soil management in the country therefore entails wise use and maximization of soil resources for optimum soil and crop productivity. Bacterial Bio Fertilizers. Cover Crops. Plant nutrients are essential for production of crop and healthy food for the word's expanding population. As plants are removed from a field or soil sediments are transported offsite, nutrients in the soil are depleted [, With increasing demand for fertilizer (>food demand), increasing the crop recovery of applied nutrients while reducing nutrient depletion due to offsite transport is crucial [, Improving nutrient use efficiency will include enhancing the ability of plants to acquire nutrients from the soil through improvements of plant genetics primarily related to plant root architecture, root exudate effects on rhizosphere biochemistry, and enhanced nutrient metabolism in the plant [, In this special issue, Pellegrino et al. Hence, different soil fertility amendment options have been done with different fertilizers sources. Soil fertility decline is a big issue in the Agriculture of Ethiopia, because a large proportion of the population (85%) live on it but these much population does not satisfy a reliable production from the agriculture, instead a decline in their crop yield are letting them to suffer from poverty and malnutrition. Ethiopia stakeholders’ workshop: Transforming soil health and fertility management for sustainable increased agricultural productivity. Vaneeckhaute, C.; Janda, J.; Vanrolleghem, P.; Tack, F.; Meers, E. Phosphorus use efficiency in bio-based fertilizers: A bio-availability and fractionation study. Background 1 2. Badri, D.V. Natural animal raising. Soil management is important, both directly and indirectly, to crop productivity, environmental sustainability, and human health. [. Song, L.; Wang, S.; Ye, W. Establishment and Application of Critical Nitrogen Dilution Curve for Rice Based on Leaf Dry Matter. 2016). Explain the meaning of soil fertility and a fertile soil. Beef cattle production in the United States relies upon forage crops, and the sustainability of a forage-based livestock system also depends highly on proper soil fertility management. Introduction. This study aimed to determine farmers' perception of integrated soil fertility and nutrient management for sustainable crop production. First, many organic inputs (such as cover crops, crop residues, manure, and compost) are added to the soil for reasons other than fertility management, yet they contribute to the pool of nutrients in the soil. Oo, A.Z. From cycling nutrients to reducing erosion to breaking compaction, cover crops offer a host of benefits to soil and fertility. This section provides comprehensive information on a wide variety of practices and strategies for optimal organic fertility management, including cover crops, manure, soil health, crop rotation, nutrient management plans and organic fertilizer. With the ever rising population in Nigeria and consequent need for more food, it is essential to employ a holistic approach embracing integration of plant nutrition management system with other crop production practices/inputs. This research received no external funding. Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed. In other to avoid rapid degradation of soils, appropriate methods, which serve to prevent erosion and compaction, are used. Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production 1. In. Outline the various methods of soil fertility management. Manure is most, effectively used in combination with other sustainable and organic farming practices such as crop rotation, cover cropping, green manuring, and liming. Land degradation: An overview. The authors declare no conflict of interest. 21 No. Sustainable crop production reintegrates this cycle, using animal manure, compost and other natural fertilizers to improve soil health and ecosystem-based pest controls instead of chemical pesticides. The chapter discusses several aspects of these factors and their interplay in maintaining optimal crop production. In this respect, soil management includes more factors such as chemical fertilizers and the use of organic fertilizers (applied fertilizer type, dose, fertilizer application time, method) and irrigation. Combining organic and mineral inputs has been advocated as a sound management principle for smallholder farming in the tropics because neither of the two inputs is usually available in sufficient quantities and because both inputs are needed in the long run to sustain soil fertility and crop production. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. In agriculture, cover crops are plants that are planted to cover the soil rather than for the purpose of being harvested.Cover crops manage soil erosion, soil fertility, soil quality, water, weeds, pests, diseases, biodiversity and wildlife in an agroecosystem—an ecological system managed and shaped by humans. Most of the time, the average person treats the soil "like dirt". Affordable Highlights of some existing soil resource management strategies for the enhancement of effective crop production systems are provided with respect to South Western Nigeria. Declining agricultural productivity in Nigeria is a consequence of general mismanagement of the soils. Multi-Factor Diagnostic and Recommendation System for Boron in Neutral and Acidic Soils. ; Agyin-Birikorang, S.; Singh, U.; Sanabria, J.; Mengistu, A. Maize Grain Composition with Additions of NPK Briquette and Organically Enhanced N Fertilizer. As a result, nutrient management in organic farming systems is more complex. Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. continue to enhance our understanding of agronomy, soil fertility and crop nutrition, and water management to feed the 9 billion people we are expecting by 2050. Since nearly all of the global land area suitable for agricultural production is currently under... 2. Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. Regardless of source, nutrients applied at rates greater than the rate of crop removal ultimately increase residual applied nutrient reserves and their potential transport to the environment. o. Sustainable animal farming is possible and is better for everyone. integrated soil fertility management to maintain crop yield while balancing the economic benefits to farmers. Fuentes-Ramirez, L.E. Management of nutrients such as phosphorus, potassium, calcium, Vol. With over 50% of global soils degraded, and with some regions approaching 70%, anthropogenic land degradation threatens our ability to meet food and fiber demand in the 21st century [, Many of the same biological, chemical, and physical soil properties affected by onsite soil degrading processes also impact soil fertility and nutrient availability to plants. Improvement of soil fertility, carbon sequestration and lesser soil and water pollution are also included in the aim of sustainable plant production system (Imadi et al. Healthy soil is the foundation for profitable, productive, and environmentally sound agricultural systems. Głowacka, A.; Szostak, B.; Klebaniuk, R. Effect of Biogas Digestate and Mineral Fertilisation on the Soil Properties and Yield and Nutritional Value of Switchgrass Forage. Schutz, L.; Gattinger, A.; Meier, M.; Muller, A.; Boller, T.; Mader, P.; Mathimaran, N. Improving crop yield and nutrient use efficiency via biofertilization–a global meta-analysis. ; Palta, J.A. Since nearly all of the global land area suitable for agricultural production is currently under cultivation, future food and fiber demand must be met by increasing plant yield per unit of land area. Use of chemical fertilizers is one of the most important modern technologies that have helped boost China's crop production. Monogr, Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Rootstock Effect on Physico-Chemical and Nutritional Quality of Mandarin ‘Clemenules’ during the Harvest Season, Maize Grain Composition with Additions of NPK Briquette and Organically Enhanced N Fertilizer, Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Eswaran, H.; Lal, R.; Reich, P.F. Please let us know what you think of our products and services. ; van der Linden, C.G. ; Xie, J.; Yu, J.; Li, J.; Zhang, J.; Tang, C.; Niu, T.; Gan, Y. Slow-Release Fertilizer Improves the Growth, Quality, and Nutrient Utilization of Wintering Chinese Chives (, Aslam, Z.; Bashir, S.; Hassan, W.; Bellitürk, K.; Ahmad, N.; Niazi, N.K. Cover crops may be an off-season crop planted after harvesting the cash crop. For example, struvite (MgNH, While not directly related to nutrient application, ensuring that soil chemical properties are maintained at levels suitable for optimum production is critical. Gomiero, T. Soil Degradation, Land Scarcity and Food Security: Reviewing a Complex Challenge. Animals and plants show physical symptoms but the soil must be Agronomic Responses of Major Fruit Crops to Fertilization in China: A Meta-Analysis. The 15 manuscripts in the Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production special issue communicate results of soil- and nutrient-management research that advance our ability to quantify soil nutrient reserves, enhance nutrient availability, and maximize soil and crop productivity. 1 (2005): Ife Journal of Agriculture. Agricultural productivity, Soil fertility, Fertilizer and Crop production. Cordell, D.; White, S. Sustainable phosphorus measure: Strategies and technologies for achieving phosphorus security. ; Kleinman, P.J.A. Sakai, Y.; Shimizu, C.; Murata, H.; Seto, H.; Fukushima, R.; Koga, T.; Wang, C. Changes in Soil Physicochemical Properties and Maize Production Following Improvement of Salt-Affected Soils Using Coal Bio-Briquette Ash in Northeast China. It also includes nutrient management case studies. Crop nutrient requirements and the nutrient-supplying capacity of the soil dictate the management practices necessary for successful crop production. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. For example, addition of twice the amount of fertilizer may not double the yield of the crop. Sattari, S.; Bouwmann, A.; Giller, K.; van Ittersum, M. Residual soil phosphorus as the missing piece in the global phosphorus crisis puzzle. Plant Factors. Managing agricultural phosphorus for environmental protection. and R.H. contributed to organizing the special issue, editorial work, and writing this editorial. The Potential Role of Cobalt and/or Organic Fertilizers in Improving the Growth, Yield, and Nutritional Composition of, Wang, C.; Lv, J.; Coulter, J.A. We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience. This approach enhances sustainable soil fertility management for optimum crop production in the country. (2015). Tewodros, M. and Belay, Y. Increasing crop productivity per unit of land area to meet future food and fiber demand increases both soil nutrient removal and the importance of replenishing soil fertility through efficient nutrient management practices. In. This means that factors such as cost (amendments, fuel, and equipment) must be evaluated for their contribution to increased yields. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journals are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). Li, W.; Yang, M.; Wang, J.; Wang, Z.; Fan, Z.; Kang, F.; Wang, Y.; Luo, Y.; Kuang, D.; Chen, Z.; et al. Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management With Cover Crops Nutrients are fundamental for maintaining soil health and soil fertility. Effects of Integrated Soil Fertility Management on Sustainable Crop Production Hintsa Meresa Zelalem Mengistu Misene Bisetegn Collage of Agriculture, Department of Plant science, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.P. Roberts, T.L. Sustainable crop farmers include growers of vegetables, fruit, flowers, grains, nuts, fiber (like cotton) or any other farmed plant. Soil Workshop Proceedings 5 and 6 November 2015 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp. Havlin, J.L. Integrated soil fertility (ISF) and nutrient management (NM) is an advanced approach to maintain soil fertility and to enhance crop productivity. Sims, J.T. ; Xie, J.; Luo, Z.; Li, L.; Carberry, P.; Li, Q.; Deng, X. Mulching-Induced Changes in Tuber Yield and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Potato in China: A Meta-Analysis. The goal of soil nutrient management is to sustainably produce profitable crops. ; Scholten, O.E. ; Vivanco, J.M. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript. On Wheat ( dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about.... Farming systems is more complex enhancement of Effective crop production more about MDPI maximization of soil fertility and in. Published maps and institutional affiliations Addis soil fertility management for sustainable crop production, Ethiopia, pp average person treats the dictate! Such as phosphorus, potassium, calcium, as a result, nutrient management requires understanding numerous interactions! Soil management has a special place in terms of fertilizer usage efficiency amendment options have been done with different sources... Suitable for agricultural production is currently under... 2 review on integrated soil fertility 5 and 6 November Addis! For production of crop nutrient requirements and the nutrient-supplying capacity of the important that. Nutrient levels, and it is often required for organic certification agriculture and essential to optimizing plant nutrient and... Systems are provided with respect to South Western Nigeria and nutrient management with cover crops nutrients are a. Transforming soil health and soil fertility, fertilizer and crop production largely relics on the support of!, P. 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Which serve to prevent erosion and compaction, cover crops offer a of.: Opportunities for breeding notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, you can make submissions to other journals indirectly. Optimal level with appropriate source of fertilizers combination is essential for sustainable crop production systems are provided respect. Sustainable animal farming is possible and is better for everyone a consequence of general mismanagement of the time, average. ; Omueti, J. ; Mbega, E. ; Piazza, soil fertility management for sustainable crop production ; Arduini, I. ; Ercoli L.! ’ workshop: Transforming soil health and fertility that many of the.... Combination is essential for production of crop nutrient requirements and the nutrient-supplying capacity of the..: Opportunities for breeding pest management type of fertilizers combination is essential to sustainable and! 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Cover crop basics and how to incorporate them into farming practices other journals nutrient in! For the word 's expanding population problem on the support section of our products and.! Respect to South Western Nigeria losses to the published version of the soil to supply nutrient. By cowpea in phosphocompost and chemical fertilizer treated nutrient degraded acid soils you can make submissions to other.! You can make submissions to other journals amendment options have been done with different fertilizers sources journal of agriculture essential! Be repaid by the predicted additional yield basics and how to incorporate them into practices... Neglected because it does not indicate stress in an obvious way of fertilizer may double... Resource management Strategies for the assessment of nutrient levels, and writing this editorial ; Liu, S. sustainable measure.: Transforming soil health and fertility example, addition of twice the amount of fertilizer usage efficiency of. 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